Shifting The Myth in The Middle of Social Change (Mythological Studies in Kiskendo Cave and Betetor Hamlet in Kendal)

Mulyani Mudis Taruna


The title of this research is Shifting the Myth in the Middle of Social Change focused in Gua Kiskendo and Betetor Hamlet Kendal Regency, Central Java. Problems in the study were 1) How the story structure of the origins of Myth, 2) How the myth influence on the lives of the surrounding communities, and 3) Whether there was a shifting myth in Kiskendo Cave and Betetor Hamlet Kendal Regency, Central Java. This study is a qualitative research with phenomenological approach. Data obtained through in-depth interviews and observation techniques. Data analysis was carried out simultaneously with data recording field, and after returning from the field by
using descriptive analysis. The process of analysis is done by grouping the data and perform analysis of the relationships between the data. The results showed that; 1) The original myth structure that happened in Kiskendo Cave not based on a story with a clear storyline. While the myth is in the Betetor Hamlet based on the story from “Kiai Rujak Beling Sabuk Alu” who chased
the Dutch army and go into Betetor Hamlet, 2) The life of the community around the Kiskendo Cave not affected by the myth that developed, especially the myth that causes government officials dared not enter the village area. This is in contrast with the state of the community Betetor
Hamlet who is aware of the myths that developed and the consequences of these myths, then the government apparatus (army, police, and civil servants) no one dared to enter the territory of the village. 3) The community culture of Guwa Hamlet Trayu village not change as a result of a myth Kiskendo Cave that going. Unlike the case with the state of society Betetor Hamlet Tabet village of Limbangan Subdistrict, who feel that the myth is growing and expanding, which initially only the army and police did not dare enter the region, has now developed to the civil servants.


Myth, Kiskendo cave, Betetor hamlet, Social Change

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