Aktualisasi Etika Guru dan Murid Al-‘Āmili di Era Disrupsi

Ahmad Muntakhib, Fatah Syukur, Syamsul Ma'arif, Musthofa Musthofa

Abstract


The development of the era that resulted in to an era of disruption encourages changes in educational activities. It triggers new problems in educational ethics, including the ethics of teachers and students. The ethical constructions of teachers and students that have been formulated by scholars and education experts are by the conditions of their time. One of the scholars who laid the foundations for teachers and students' ethics was Zainuddin bin Nuruddin 'Ali bin Ahmad Al-'Amili Al-Juba'i or also known as Al-'Amili. This study aims to interpret the actualization of the ethics of teachers and students of Al-'Amili in the context of the era of disruption. This research was conducted with a qualitative approach, namely the library research method with the primary data source of the book Munyah al-Murīd fī Adab al-Mufīd wa al-Mustafīd by Al-'Amili. The analysis was performed using Content Analysis techniques. This study found that teacher and student ethics can apply in general, namely that teachers and students have their own ethics in the educational process. The thought of Al-'Amili is universal so that it can be actualized in the present. In an era of disruption where values are uprooted and replaced by new values, the role of ethics becomes important to underlie teachers' and students' activities in learning. One of them is the ethical model of the relationship between teacher and student as an educational relationship that is Sufistic by highlighting the characteristics of holiness in learning.

Keywords


Ethics; Education; Disruption; Kitab; Al-'Amili

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-‘Āmilī, Z. bin A. (965). Munyah al-Murid fi Adab al-Mufid wa Al-Mustafid. (R. AlMukhtari, Ed.). Libanon: Markaz Tahqiq min Ulum Islami.

__________. (2007). Kasyf al-Raibah ‘an Ahkam al-Ghibah (kedua). Bairut: Jam’iyyah al-Ma’arif al-Islamiyah alTsaqafiyyah.

Al-Kailani, M. bin Y. (329M). Al-Kāfi Jilid II. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyah.

Al-Syahid Al-Tsani. (n.d.). Diambil dari http:// id.wikishia.net/view/Al-Syahid_al-Tsani. Diunduh 3 Juni 2020.

Al-Zarnujii, B. al-I. (2004). Ta’liim al-Muta’allim Thariiq al-ta’allum (pertama). Sudan: alDar al-Sudaniyyah.

Asy’ari, M. H. (1415). Âdâb al-’Âlim wa alMuta’allim. (M. ’Ishom Hadziq, Ed.) (Pertama). Jombang: Maktabah Turats al-Islami.

Bergem, T. (1990). The Teacher as Moral Agent. Journal of Moral Education, 19(2), 88–100. https://doi. org/10.1080/0305724900190203

Carr, D. (2004). Moral Values and The Arts in Environmental Education: Towards An Ethics of Aesthetic Appreciation. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 38(2), 221– 239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0309- 8249.2004.00377.x

Endraswara, P. F. S. (2016). Metodologi Penelitian Posmodernisme Sastra. Yogyakarta: Center For Academic Publishing Service.

Eriyanto. (2015). Analisis Isi: Pengantar Metodologi Untuk Penelitian Ilmu Komunikasi dan Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Lainnya (ketiga). Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Fadli, A. (2017). Konsep Pendidikan Imam AlGhazali Dan Relevansinya Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Di Indonesia. El-Hikam, X(2), 276–299.

Gadamer, H.-G. (1999). Hermeneutics, Religion, and Ethics. New York: Yale University. Hanani, D. (2014). Pendidikan Karakter Anak Menurut Imam Al-Gazali. Jurnal Pembaharuan Pendidikan Islam (JPPI).

Harrison, S. L. (2011). Ethics and Moral Issues in Public Relations Curricula. The Journalism Educator, 45(3), 32–38. https://doi. org/10.1177/107769589004500304

Hasan, E. (2011). Filsafat Ilmu dan Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Pemerintahan. (R. Sikumbang, Ed.) (Pertama). Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia.

Huda, N. (n.d.). Nurul Huda, Konsep Belajar Dalam Kitab Ta’lim Al - muta’allim (hal. 13–74).

Ibrahim, T. (2017). Kajian Reflektif Tentang Etika Guru Berbalut Filsafat Moral Utilitarianisme. Naturalistic, 1(2), 135– 145.

Johannesen, R. L. (1996). Etika Komunikasi terj. Ethics in Human Communication. (D. D. Malik & D. Mulyana, Ed.) (pertama). Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Kasali, R. (2018a). Self Disruption (ketiga). Bandung: Mizan. Kasali, R. (2018b). Tomorrow is Today: in

ilah Inovasi Disruptif Perusahaan Indonesia dalam Menghadapi Lawan-Lawan Tak Kelihatan (Keempat). Bandung: Mizan.

Kattsoff, L. O. (2004). Pengantar Filsafat terj. Elements of Philosophy (IX). Yogyakarta: Tiara wacana Yogya.

Kermani, T. (2014). Diskursus Akhlak dalam Filsafat Mulla Sadra. Kanz Philosophia : A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism, 4(1), 78–93. https://doi. org/10.20871/kpjipm.v4i1.56

KPAI. (2019a). Catatan kpai di hardiknas kasus anak bully guru meningkat-drastis. Diambil dari http://www.kpai.go.id/ berita/catatan-kpai-di-hardiknas-kasusanak-bully-guru-meningkat-drastis. Diunduh 3 Juni 2020.

KPAI. (2019b). kpai ungkap jumlah kasus anak korban pelecehan seksual di sekolah. Diambil dari http://www.kpai.go.id/ berita/ kpai-ungkap-jumlah-kasus-anakkorban-pelecehan-seksual-di-sekolah. Diunduh 3 Juni 2020.

Lickona, T. (2012). Educating For Character. (U. Wahyudin, Ed.) (Pertama). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Maya, R. (2017). Karakter (Adab) Guru dan Murid Perspektif Ibn Jama’ah Al-Syâfi’î. Jurnal Edukasi Islami, 6(12), 21–43. Diambil dari http://jurnal.staialhidayahbogor. ac.id/index.php/ei/article/view/177

Muadz, M. H. (2017). sekolah Perjumpaan. (M. Firdaus, Ed.) (pertama). Mataram: Dewan Pakar PB NW.

Musiran. M. (2012). Al-Islam Dengan Sistem Boarding School ( Studi Kasus di SMP Muhammadiyah Jati dan SMP Muhammadiyah Cepu ) Kabupaten Blora.

Muhyiddin, A.-I. al-N. (1987). Ādāb al-‘Ālim wa al-Muta’allim. Thantha: Maktabah alShahabah.

Mujib, A., & Mudzakkir, J. (2008). Ilmu Pendidikan Islam. (Suyanto, Ed.) (kedua). Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Mujiburrahman. (2017). TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, 7(2), 273–294.

Munawwir, W. . (1984). Kamus al-Munawwir. In Kamus al-Munawwir.

Muntakhib, A. (2017). Urgensi Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Karakter Dalam Kitab Al-Arba’in Al-Nawawiyyah Bagi Perkembangan Kualitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities, 2(1), 31–54. https://doi. org/10.21580/jish.21.2515

__________. (2018). Implementasi Pendidikan Agama Islam Di Lembaga Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini (Kajian Penanaman Nilai Nilai Agama Islam di TK ABA Petarukan). Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), 4(2), 247–261.

Niam, A. U., & Zen, N. (2017). Etika Murid dan Guru dalam Kegiatan Pembelajaran Menurut Imam Al-ghazali. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Al-I’tbar, 4(1), 110.

Nurdin, M., Muzakkki, M. H., & Sutoyo. (2015). Relasi Guru dan Murid (Pemikiran Ibnu ’Athaillah dalam Tinjauan kapitalisme Pendidikan). Kodifikasia, 9(1), 122.

Peters, M. A. (2018). Erratum to: Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. https://doi. org/10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_900

Raes, K., & Gent, R. (1997). Teaching Professional Ethics. Ethical Perspaectives, 4(3), 243– 245.

Rakhmat, J. (2007). Dahulukan Akhlak diatas Fiqih (Cetakan ke). Bandung: PT Mizan Pustaka.

Rukiyati, Purwastuti, A., & Haryatmoko. (2018). Etika Pendidikan. (A. Pramesta, Ed.) (Pertama). Yogyakarta: CV Andi Offset.

Ruslan. (2016). Etika Guru Dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar. Al-Riwayah, 8(1), 59–72.

Russel, B. (2004). Sejarah Filsafat Barat terj. History of Western Philosophy (kedua). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Salminawati. (2015). Etika Peserta Didik Perspektif Islam. Jurnal Tarbiyah, 22(1), 1–20.

Standish, P. (2002). Ethics before Equality: Moral education after Levinas. Journal of Moral Education, 30(4), 339–347. https://doi. org/10.1080/03057240120094832

Syukur, S. (2004). Etika Religius. (A. H. Himawan, Ed.) (Pertama). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Tafsir, A. (2015). Filsafat Umum: Akal dan Hati Sejak Thales Sampai Capra (Keduapuluh). Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Tamir, M. (1999). Muqaddimah Al-Imam AlNawawi Li Kitāb al-Majmu’ Syarh Al-Muhazzab (Cetakan Pe). Kairo: AlMaktabah Al-Balad Al-Amin.

Tanyid, M. (2014). Etika dalam Pendidikan: Kajian Etis tentang Krisis Moral Berdampak Pada Pendidikan. Jurnal Jaffray, 12(2), 235. https://doi.org/10.25278/jj71.v12i2.13

Iman, A. (2018). Konsep Belajar Perspektif Kitab Adab Al-‘Alim Wa Almuta’allim Dan Buku Pendidikan Islam Kontemporer. Jurnal Edu-Religia, 1(2), 38–54.

Umar, A. M. (2008). Mu’jam al-Lughah al- ’Arabiyah al-Mu’ashirah (Pertama). Kairo: ’Alam al-Kutub.

Wahid, A. (2006). Islamku Islam Anda Islam Kita Agama Masyarakat Negara Demokrasi. (D. M. S. Anwar, Ed.) (Pertama). Jakarta: The Wahid Institute.

Warsono, W. (2017). Guru: Antara Pendidik, Profesi, Dan Aktor Sosial. The Journal of Society & Media. https://doi. org/10.26740/jsm.v1n1.p1-10

Zaini, M. (2016). Manajemen Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan Berbasis Madrasah. IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3929/ ethz-b-000238666

Zein, Z. (2012). Aktivitas Keagamaan Mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Padang. Humanus, XI(1), 302.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18784/smart.v6i2.1112

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Ahmad Muntakhib

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.