MORAL EDUCATION IN JAPANESE SCHOOLS A MODEL FOR IMPROVING CHARACTER EDUCATION IN INDONESIA

Mahfud Junaedi, Fatah Syukur

Abstract


Moral or character education has been playing an important role in educating children, teenagers, and younger people noble values of Japanese cultures. This research is based on two research questions: how the practice of moral education in Japanese schools is and how the model for improving character education in Indonesian schools is. This is a qualitative field research with phenomenological approach, in which the data were collected in Japanese schools by using observation, indepth interview, and documentary. The data were analysed descriptively and continuously. The Japanese government gave one hour  lesson for moral education in a week.  With the moral education, Japanese younger generation is expected to be able to adapt to the social environment and have the ability to think, to make effective decisions and to act independently. In addition, they are also expected to have  ability to identify issues they face, and be able to interact with others in international relations and play an important role in international world as well. Japanese moral education has been using the interactive and communicative approach, promoting moral discovery by learners themselves, avoiding the application of indoctrination approach, and no test or  final exam,  for every course of study in moral education (zero test).  In addition the most important thing is that moral education in Japan  applied an  integrated and connected approach among  three centers of education: school,  family, and  community.  All of three educational environments have very important role  as laboratory of  moral or character education.

Keywords


Moral education; character education; school culture.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bamkin, Sam. “Moral education at Japanese Elementary School.” retrieved October 15, 2016. from www.wcmt.org.uk/sites/default/files/report-20final-pdf.

Bolton, Kristoffer Hornburg. 2015. “Moral Education in Japan, The Coming of New Dawn, Abe’s New Moral Education.” Oslo: Departement of Culture Studies and Oriental Language Universitetet i Oslo.

Center for Research and International Corporation in Educational Development. 2006. Japanese Educational System and Practice, Tsukuba: Tsukuba University.

Damon, William. Bringing a new era in Character Education. United States: Hoover Institution Press.

Durkheim, Emile. 1990. Pendidikan Moral, Suatu Studi Teori dan Aplikasi Sosiologi Pendidikan (Moral Education), trans., Lukas Ginting. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Johnson, David W. and Roger T. Johnson. 1988. “Social Interdependence, Moral Character and Moral Education.” In Larry, P. Nucci and Darcia Narvaez, Handbook of Moral and Character Education, New York: Routledge.

Kasulis, Thomas P. “Japanese Philosophy.” In Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy,.retrieved on October. 2. 2016. from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/japanese-philosophy/v-1;.

Lickona, Lickona. 2014. Pendidikan Karakter, Panduan Lengkap Mendidik Siswa Menjadi Pintar dan Baik (Educating for Character), trans., Lita S., Bandung: Nusa Media.

Mccullough, David. 2008. “Moral and Social Education in Japanese Schools: Conflicting Conceptions of Citizenship.” In Citizenship Teaching and Learning, Vol. 4. No. 1. July 2008. Retrieved Oct. 10. 2016. http://www.citized.info@2008.

Noddings, Neil. 1995. Philosophy of Education. Collorado: Westview Press.

Nucci, Larry, P. and Darcia Narvaez. 1988. Handbook of Moral and Character Education. New York: Routledge.

Peterson, Kent D. and Terrence E. Deal. 2009. The shaping School Culture Fieldbook, Second edition. San Fransisco: Jossey Bass.

Pusat Kurikulum. 2010. Pengembangan Pendidikan Budaya dan Karakter Bangsa. Jakarta: Badan Litbang Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional.

Samani, Muchlas and Hariyanto. 2012. Konsep dan Model Pendidikan Karakter, Bandung: Rosdakarya.

Saylor, J.Galen and M. Alexander. 1960, Curriculum Planning For Better Teaching and Learning New York: Reinhart Co.

Schwartz, Arthur J. 2002. “Transmitting moral wisdom in an age of the Autonomous self”, in Damon, William, ed., Bringing a New Era in Character Education, Standford University: Hoover Institution Press.

Sommers, Christina Hoff. 2002. “How Moral Education is Finding its way Back into America’s Schools” in Damon, William, ed., Bringing a New Era in Character Education, Standford University: Hoover Institution Press.

Stoll, Louise. 1999. “School Culture: Black Hole or Fertile Garden for School Improvement? in John Prosser, School Culture, London: Paul Chapman Publishing.

Stolp, Stephen and Stuart C. Smith. 1995. Transforming School Culture, USA:Eric.

Sugimoto, Yushio. 2010. An Introduction to Japanese Society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Takakura, Sho, and Yuko Murata, Ed. 1997. Education in Japan, Present System and Tasks/Curriculum and Instruction, Tokyo: University of Tsukuba.

Woodward, Katheryn. ed. 1999. Identity and Difference, London: Sage Publication.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18784/analisa.v2i01.416

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Analisa

Creative Commons License
Analisa: Journal of Social and Religion is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 hit counter joomla View My Stats