Religion In The Construction Of Mass Media; A Study On The Kompas And Republika Framing Of The Terrorism News

Zakiah Zakiah

Abstract


This article concerns on how Kompas and Republika framed terrorism news and how they construct a religion (Islam) in those terrorism news. The way of the media exposing and selecting the facts to be published in their newspaper is an important aspect to be studied. This is because each media has its own inclination. Data was gathered using library research. Then, those collected data were analyzed using framing analysis and constructivism perspective. The results show that Kompas and Republika clearly said that Islam has nothing to do with terrorism and the terrorists have relationship with the International radical group like JI and Al-Qaeda. On the other hand, both newspapers have a slight difference in exposing the relationship between terrorists and pesantren. Republika said that those terrorists were not connected with pesantren. Meanwhile Kompas exposed the pro and contra about this matter.  In addition, both media have trivial differences in reporting about dakwah prohibition.  


Keywords


: mass media, terrorism, Islam, Framing, constructivism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abas, Nasir. 2005. Membongkar Jamaah Islamiyah Pengakuan Mantan Anggota JI. Jakarta: Grafindo

Aly, Anne. 2011. Terrorism and global security, historical and contemporary perspectives. South Yara Australia : Palgrave Macmillan.

Arifin, H.M. 1987. Menguak Misteri Ajaran Agama-Agama Besar. Jakarta: Golden Terayon Press.

Assegaff, Dja'far.H. 1985. Jurnalistik Masa Kini, Pengantar Ke Praktek Kewartawanan. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.

Crouch, Harold. 2005. Radical Islam in Indonesia; some misperceptions. Dalam Vicziany, Marika dan Neville, David Wright.(ed). Islamic terrorism in Indonesia; myths and realities. Clayton: Monash Asia Institute.

Dhofier, Z. 1995. Tradition and Change: In Indonesian Islamic Education. Jakarta: Ministry of Religious Affair the Republic of Indonesia.

Djelantik, Sukawarsini. 2010. Terorisme Tinjauan Psiko-Politis, Peran Medai, Kemiskinan, dan Keamanan Nasional. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Eriyanto. 2007. Analisis Framing Konstruksi, Ideologi dan Politik Media.Yogyakarta: LkiS.

Esposito, John.L. 2001a. Ensiklopedi Oxford Dunia Islam Modern jilid 3. Bandung: Mizan

Esposito, John.L. 2001b. Ensiklopedi Oxford Dunia Islam Modern jilid 6. Bandung: Mizan

Gatra. 2007a. Abu Dujana ditangkap. No 31 tahun XIII 14-20 Juni 2007.

Gatra. 2007b. Menggulung Terorisme di daerah Basis. No 20 tahun XII 29 Maret – 4 April 2007.

Gatra. 2007c. Waspada Faksi Sempalan Model Noor Din. No 32 tahun XIII, 21-27 Juni 2007.

Gatra. 2007d. Abu Dujana: Masih Banyak Kawan di luar. No 32 tahun XIII, 21-27 Juni 2007.

Gatra. 2007e. Abu Rusydan: Aksi Teror Bukan Tanggung Jawab JI. No 32 tahun XIII, 21-27 Juni 2007.

Hamad, Ibnu. 2004. Konstruksi Realitas Politik dalam Media Massa, sebuah Studi Critical Discourse terhadap Berita-berita Politik. Jakarta: Granit.

Isaacs, H.R. 1993. Pemujaan Terhadap Kelompok Etnis; Identitas Kelompok dan Perubahan Politik. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Kahmad, D. 2000. Sosiologi Agama. Badung: Rosda.

Kingsbury, Damien dan Fernandes, Clinton. 2005. Terrorism in archipelagic Southeast Asia. Dalam Kingsbury, Damien. (ed). Violence in between, conflict and security in archipelagic Southeast Asia. Clayton and Singapore: Monash Asia Institute and Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Kompas. 2010a. Jasad Dulmatin dipulangkan; Warga Aceh Kembali dicekam Kondisi Konflik. Jum'at 12 Maret 2010. hal.1

Kompas. 2010b. Teroris Memanfaatkan Kelompok Aceh. Kamis 11 Maret 2010, hal.1

Kompas. 2010c. Bangsa Karut Marut Munculnya Terorisme. Kamis 11 Maret 2010. hal.3

Kompas. 2010d. Menyiapkan Jihad di Aceh. Kamis 18 Maret 2010. hal 4

Kompas. 2010e. Dulmatin Terlacak Sejak Lama. Kamis, 11 Maret 2010. hal.25

Kompas. 2010f. Aliansi Susun Taktik Baru, Dulmatin Siapkan semua Proyek Pelatihan. Kamis 11 Maret 2010. hal.1

Kompas. 2010g. Gerak Teroris Terus Dipersempit. Sabtu 13 Maret 2010.hal 25.

Kompas.2010h. Teror diatur dari Penjara. Kamis 18 Maret 2010.hal.1

McQuail, Denis. 1987. Mass Communication Theory, an Introduction, Second edition. London: Sage Publication.

Nelson, Thomas.E dan Clawson, Rosalee.A dan Oxley, Zoe.M. 1997. Media framing of civil liberties conflict and its effect on tolerance. American Political Science Review. 91(3): 567-583.

Nugroho, Bimo dan Eriyanto dan Surdiasis Frans. Politik Media Mengemas Berita. Jakarta: ISAI.

Republika. 2010. DNA Dulmatin Cocok, the 10 Million Dolar Man. Kamis 11 Maret 2010. hal.1

Schrijver, Nico dan Herik, Larrisa van den. 2007. Counter Terrorism Strategies, Human Rights and International Law: Meeting the Challenges. Netherlands International Law Review, LIV: 571-587.

Sheafer, Tamir dan Gvirsman, Shira Dvir. 2010. The spoiler effect: Framing attitudes and expectation toward peace. Journal of peace research, 47(2): 205-215.

Singh, Bilveer. 2003. ASEAN, Australia and the management of Jemaah Islamiyah threat. Canberra: Strategic and Defence Studies Centre the Australian National University.

Sobur, Alex. 2004. Analisis Teks Media, Suatu Pengantar untuk Analisis Wacana Analisis Semiotik dan Analisis Framing. Bandung: Rosda Karya.

Turk. Austin T. 2004. Sociology of Terrorism. Annual Review of Sociology, 2004, 30, Proquest Library pg.271.

Turmudi, Endang dan Sihbudi, Riza. 2005. Islam dan Radikalisme di Indonesia. Jakarta: LIPI Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18784/analisa.v22i1.143

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Analisa

Creative Commons License
Analisa: Journal of Social and Religion is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 hit counter joomla View My Stats