Academic Researches on Fazlur Rahman: An Assessment

Juneefa Bilal


Fazlur Rahman (1919-1988), a liberal and modernist thinker of the twentieth century, was an influential scholar from Pakistan. He was a notable scholar of Islamic philosophy and was a prolific writer. Without any exaggeration, it can be asserted that Fazlur Rahman produced such a revolutionary and marvelous literature which made his thought a fascinating subject for research and analysis. Throughout the Globe, attempts have been made to conduct researches in order to assess his contribution in the varied disciplines of Islamic scholarship. This has continued in the last century and is continuing in the present century as well. Numerous researches have been carried-out on different aspects and dimensions of Fazlur Rahman’s thought and contribution. In this backdrop, this paper anticipates to present an appraisal and assessment of those academic researchers in order to gain acquaintance of the varied dimensions of Fazlur Rahman’s religious thought. This paper is qualitative in nature and in order to assess the academic works done on Fazlur Rahman, a descriptive and explanatory-cum-analytical approach was followed. This review paper will help in apprehending the different approaches and methodologies employed by different scholars in understanding the multi-dimensional aspects of Fazlur Rahman’s religious thought and provide an assessment of his contribution in different realms of Islamic scholarship


Fazlur Rahman; Modernist; Pakistan; Islamic Thought

Full Text:



Abbas, Megan Brankley. 2017. “Between Western Academia and Pakistan: Fazlur Rahman and the fight for Fusionism.” Modern Asian Studies. 1-33. (Available at:

Acikgenc, Alparsalan. 1990. “The Thinker of Islamic Revival and Reform: Fazlur Rahman’s Life and Thought (1919-1988).” Journal of Islamic Research (Islami Arastirmalar). “Special Issue: In Memory of Fazlur Rahman”, A. Acikgenc (ed.)., 4 (4): 232-252.

Ahmed, Ahad M. 2017. The Theological Thought of Fazlur Rahman: A Modern Mutakkalim, Kuala Lumpur: Islamic Book Trust.

Akbar, Ali. 2020. Contemporary Perspectives on Revelation and Qur’anic Hermenetices. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Akbar, Ali. 2016. “The Origin of Fazlur Rahman’s Theory of Revelation.” e-Proceeding of the Third International Conference on Arabic Studies and Islamic Civilization ICASIC, 2016, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Akbar, Ali. 2020. “Fazlur Rahman’s Influence on Contemporary Islamic Thought.” The Muslim World,110. 129-153.

Ali, Navin G. Haider. 2016. “Placing His Thoughts in Perspective: A Survey of Works on Fazlur Rahman.” Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization,6 (2): 19-34.

Bektovic, Safet. 2016.“Towards a Neo-Modernist Islam: Fazlur Rahman and the Rethinking Islamic Tradition and Modenity.” Studia Theologica-Nordic Journal of Theology, 70(2): 160-178.

Berry, Donald Lee. 1990. The Thought of Fazlur Rahman as an Islamic Response to Modernity (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, USA.

Burhani, Ahmad Najib. 2013. “Transmission of Islamic Reform from the United States to Indonesia” Indonesia and the Malay World,41 (119): 29-47.

Adams, Charles J. 1990. “Fazl al-Rahman as a Philospher.” Journal of Islamic Research (Islami Arastirmalar). “Special Issue: In Memory of Fazlur Rahman”, A. Acikgenc (ed.)., 4 (4): 264-272.

Daud, Wan Mohd Nor Wan. 1990. “Personal Anecdotes of a Great Scholar, Teacher and Friend”. Journal of Islamic Research (Islami Arastirmalar). “Special Issue: In Memory of Fazlur Rahman”, A. Acikgenc (ed.)., 4 (4): 253-261.

Denny, Frederick Mathewson. 1989. “Fazlur Rahman: Muslim Intellectual.” The Muslim World, 79(2): 91-101.

Gokkir, Necmettin. 2005. “Western Impact on Contemporary Qur’anic Studies: The Application of Literary Criticism.” Usul,3 (1): 67-90.

Hewer, Christopher Thomas Radbourne. 1998. Fazlur Rahman: A Reinterpretation of Islam in the Twentieth Century (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). University of Birmingham, England.

Hussein, Fatimah. 1997. Fazlur Rahman’s Islamic Philosophy (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). Canada: McGill University, Montreal.

Ifra, Emi. 2015. The Concept of Battle against Non-Muslims in the Holy Qur’an (Application of Fazlur Rahman’s Double Movement Method) (Unpublished Dissertation for Degree of Islamic Theology). Imdonesia: State Islamic University, Walisongo, Semarang.

Jesse, Mary Catherine. 1991. A Modern Muslim Intellectual: The Thought of Fazlur Rahman with Special Reference to Reason (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). Canada: University of Regina.

Kizil, Fatima. 2008. “Fazlur Rahman’s Understanding of the Sunnah/Hadith- A Comparison with Joseph Schacht’s Views on the Subject” Hadis Tetkikleri Dergisi (HTD), 6 (2): 31-46.

Mathee, Mohamed Shaid. 2004. A Critical Reading of Fazlur Rahman’s Islamic Methodology: The Case of the Living Sunnah, (Unpublished Masters Dissertation) Department of Religious Studies, University of Cape Town.

Panjwani, Farid. 2012. “Fazlur Rahman and the Search for Authentic Islamic Education: A Critical Appreciation.” Curriculum Inquiry, 42 (1): 33-55.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1952. Avicenna’s Psychology. London: Oxford University Press.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1958. Prophecy in Islam: Philosophy and Orthodoxy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1959. Avicenna’s De Anima. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1965. Islamic Methodology in History. Karachi: Islamic Research Institute.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1975. The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1979. Islam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1980. The Major Themes of the Qur’an. Chicago: Bibliotheca Islamica.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1982. Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1987. Health and Medicine in the Islamic Tradition. New York: Cross Roads Books.

Rahman, Fazlur. 1999. Revival and Reform in Islam. Ed. Ebrahim Moosa, One Word Publications.

Rahman,Fazlur. 1990. “An Autobiographical Note” Journal of Islamic Research (Islami Arastirmalar). “Special Issue: In Memory of Fazlur Rahman”, A. Acikgenc (ed.)., 4 (4): 227-231.

Rasyid, Amhar. 1994.Some Quranic Legal Texts in the Context of Fazlur Rahman’s Hermeneutical Method, (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). Institute of Islamic Studies, Canada: McGill University, Montreal.

Saeed, Abdullah. 2006. “A Framework for Interpreting the Ethico-Legal Content of the Qur’an” In Suha Taji Farouki (Ed.), Modern Muslim Intellectuals and the Qur’an. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Chapter 2, pp. 37-66]

Shagufta and Batool, Aneeqa. 2013. “Roots of Islamic Neo-Fundamentalism: A Critical Study of Fazlur Rahman’s Article.” Al-Hikmat, 33: 1-11.

Sonn, Tamara. 1991. “Fazlur Rahman’s Islamic Methodology.”, in The Muslim World, 81 (3/4): 212-230.

Voelker,Katharine. 2015. “Two Accounts of Qur’anic Revelation.” Islam and Christian Muslim Relations. 26: 273-278.

Voelker,Katharine. 2017.Qur’an and Reform: Rahman, Arkoun, Abu Zayd.Germany: Peter Lang Academic Research



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Analisa: Journal of Social Science and Religion

Creative Commons License
Analisa: Journal of Social and Religion is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 hit counter joomla View My Stats